Data Resources


Below you will find resources written and spoken by Dr. Rankin relating to the best ways to display data for data users (such as educators using data to inform decisions that impact students). These include books, resources (like Over-the-Counter Data Standards and templates), articles and journal papers (many of which can be accessed online), presentations (such as her TED Talk at TEDxTUM, keynote presentations, and recorded presentations), and media interviews.




Of the 10 books Dr. Rankin has written, the following books relate to data (click on any book's image, above, for more details):

  • Sharing your education expertise with the world: Make research resonate and widen your impact. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

  • Standards for reporting data to educators: What educational leaders should know and demand. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

  • How to make data work: A guide for educational leaders. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

  • Designing data reports that work: A guide for creating data systems in schools and districts. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

  • Data system-embedded analysis support’s implications for Latino students and diverse classrooms. In C. Curran & A. Petersen (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Classroom Diversity and Inclusive Education Practice, (pp. TBD-TBD). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

  • Data system-embedded guidance significantly improves data analyses by making data ‘over-the-counter’ for users. In J. T. Martins & A. Molnar (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Innovations in Information Retrieval, Analysis, and Management, (pp. 125-151). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-8833-9

  • Guidelines for analyzing assessment data to inform instruction. In C. Suurtamm & A. R. McDuffie (Eds.), Annual Perspectives in Mathematics Education (APME) 2015: Assessment to Enhance Learning and Teaching, (pp. 191-198). Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.

  • Over-the-counter data’s impact on educators’ data analysis accuracy. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 3575082.

Articles, Journal Papers, & WRITTEN RESOURCES


Dr. Rankin's articles and journal papers on data can be found within a long list on Dr. Rankin's Publications & Research page.

Additional resources include:

  • Over-the-Counter Data (OTCD) Standards, which summarize (in 8-page checklist format) over 300 different studies and other expert sources concerning the best ways to display data so the data is easily, accurately, and quickly understood

  • Templates for creating reference sheets and reference guides, as well as "real life" samples, to help you make your own report-specific supplemental documentation.

  • Data Table detailing some of the infinite data types educators use (data systems should provide reporting capabilities to support all key data types)

  • Question Table detailing some of the key questions educators seek to answer with the support of data (data systems should provide reports allowing users to answer key questions)

  • Resources referenced in the book How to Make Data Work: A Guide for Educational Leaders (e.g., evaluation tools, pre-crafted emails educational leaders can send to advocate for OTCD aspects in their data tools, and more)




Dr. Rankin's presentations (such as her TED Talk at TEDxTUM, keynote presentations, and recorded presentations), many of which focus on data, can be perused in a visually robust gallery on Dr. Rankin's Speeches & Presentations page, or within a long list (in traditional CV format).

Dr. Rankin's media interviews relating to data can be found within a long list on her Media Appearances page.

Third-Party Resources


Data Use Standards

To better understand what data knowledge and skills educators should possess, refer to SLDS Data Use Standards: Knowledge, Skills, and Professional Behaviors for Effective Data Use (Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems Grant Program, 2015). These standards serve as a comprehensive resource in many other areas of data use, as well, and are worth examining.



National standards have been available over the last 2 decades to offer guidance concerning the best way to communicate test results (standards applicable to data systems & data system reports should be balanced with an understanding of data display research):


Data Visualization Experts Not Exclusive to Education

Experts who study and write about data visualization as it applies to all fields (e.g., graphing data outside of Education, which includes many aspects that can be applied to - and/or modified for - OTCD) include:

Short Bio


Dr. Rankin's bio related to Data:

Dr. Jenny Grant Rankin teaches the PostDoc Masterclass at University of Cambridge concerning the best ways to communicate data and research, and has written numerous books on data and education. She has a Ph.D. in Education, a field in which she specialized in data and served as chief education & research officer at a data systems company. Dr. Rankin presents her research findings regularly and internationally (e.g., her TED Talk at TEDxTUM on the best ways to present data, and her many keynotes). Dr. Rankin has been honored multiple times by the U.S. White House for her contributions to the field.

Please see Dr. Rankin's complete CV for details on her expertise and professional accomplishments.